IELTS Speaking Part 2 Beautiful City: This has appeared in the recent IELTS Speaking exam. Prepare for this topic as you may get this question on your exam so feel free to use and practice this material with sample answers and tips. Take note Part 3 is discussion, as much as possible present an argument that is logical.








Describe a beautiful city

You should say:

  • What it is
  • Where it is
  • How do you know this place
  • And explain why it is beautiful




A N S W E R 


I’ve been to so many places and witnessed the magnificent views of some cities in the world, however, Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia is at the top of the list. I know that this is not a well-known city, especially for traditional tourists. This city is simply awesome in three ways, if I summarize my whole experience traveling there last year – the nature is superb, the people are genuine, and the price is ridiculously inexpensive.


Magnificent [adj.] – beautiful; amazing; superb

At the top of the list – priority; the most important

Well-known [adj] – famous

Ridiculously [adv] – surprisingly


i.) The speaker summarizes his reasons in three ways which are very helpful to be able to develop an organized answer. Because of that, he will be guided accordingly on what he is going to say further.


I had my first ever solo travel last year as a backpacker and decided to visit this not-so-famous country, Mongolia. I admit that I didn’t know a lot about this country but since I wanted to be different from other travelers who usually visit some tourist traps, I made a decision to give this country a shot.



Backpacker [noun] – independent traveler

Tourist trap – a place where too many tourists visit

Give a shot – to try

On my very first day in that country, while I was on the bus going to my hotel, I couldn’t help myself but be mesmerized by the beauty of Ulaanbaatar, which is the capital city. I lost track of time enjoying the views of that city while taking lots of photos from the window of the bus. It’s just jaw-dropping!



Couldn’t help [phrase] – couldn’t avoid

Mesmerize [verb] – hypnotised; fascinated

Lost track of time [idiom] – not being aware of time

Jaw-dropping [adj] – amazing


On my second day, I was able to meet the local people in the city. Well, the city is not a typical metropolitan that we see in most developed nations wherein people are snobbish or being less concerned. Mongolians are very warm especially to tourists perhaps because they don’t see a lot. Though they live in a city, I feel like their life is not pressured, their faces are really happy and they are kind.

Another thing that makes me fall in love with that city is it is really cheap! I live here in New York and everything is incredibly expensive. House, food, leisure activities, you name it! I actually had a luxurious life while traveling there which is really impossible for me to experience on American soil.



You name it [expression] – whatever you can think

Luxury [adj] – richness

American soil – American land

Ulaanbaatar is the city that helps me realize so many things in my life and the memories I had are valuable treasures I have.



The last part is a reflection on why this city is beautiful and how it impacts the life of the speaker. It is the best way to end a story with a conclusive statement.






Why do you think people decide to live in big cities?


In my opinion, a huge number of people choose to reside in metropolitan areas simply because almost everything that they need is available there. People nowadays want convenience in order to live a more fulfilling life.


For instance, the majority of decent or well-paid jobs are mostly obtainable only in the metropolis, as we know it is indisputable that people want to secure a better job.  In addition, establishments such as hospitals, malls, schools, and some shops are accessible anytime, not to mention the excellent transportation system which is almost available 24/7.

So basically, the dream of having a convenient life makes people decide to settle in major cities.



Reside [verb] – live

Metropolitan [adj.] – refers to metropolis; large city; capital

Fulfilling [adj] – satisfying

Obtainable [adj.] – accessible; realizable

Not to mention [phrase] – in addition to

24/7 [adverb] – 2 hours a day, seven days a week



 Giving an example will help you develop a long answer, however, make sure that your example supports your main idea.


What kinds of problems are common in big cities?


I have to say that there are several challenges that people face in major cities, however, I just want to talk about the important ones that I believe need attention from the government.

First, is the skyrocketing cost of housing. Prices of houses or apartments are incredibly expensive that makes city dwellers suffer. As a result, many live in small space apartments. In addition, air pollution is prevalent, because of numerous cars and factories that emit carbon dioxide and other harmful gas, breathing fresh air is near to impossible.


Also, for some cities, peace and order is an issue since crimes such as robbery, murder, gang war and the like are common. I know there are more problems but those things I have just said are the most serious ones.




Skyrocket [verb] – increase

Incredibly [adverb] – extremely

Dwellers [noun] – occupants; residents

Numerous [adj] – many

Emit [verb] – produce; discharge

Near to impossible – almost impossible




We can never talk about the many problems of cities so just talk about the most important ones. As stated in the introduction, the speaker acknowledges the many problems but only talks about the significant ones. In the conclusive statement, it is just a repeat of the introduction but it is expressed in a different way.


What measures the government should do to improve the situation in cities?


Well considering the problems that I have just said, in terms of high-priced houses, the government should set a price cap regulation which is fair enough between seller and buyer.


With regard to air pollution, I believe the government can sanction some factories by making them pay enormous fines if the environmental policies are not adhered to, as for cars, a code system must be implemented to reduce the number of cars running daily. For instance, a car bearing an odd number as the last digit on a plate number is only allowed to run for three weekdays and those cars with an even number on the last digit is permitted for two weekdays. In that way, traffic and pollution are being minimized.

Lastly, in relation to crimes, the visibility of police authorities is needed to prevent people from committing crimes. With these measures, I believe major cities will be a more comfortable place to live in.




High-priced [adj.] – expensive

Price cap regulation [noun] – a limit

Sanction [noun] – punishment; penalty

Adhere [verb] – follow; obey

Bear [verb] – carry; assign



To make the answer coherent, the speaker uses transitioning devices such as ‘in terms of’, ‘with regard to’, ‘in relation to’ to properly move on to talking about another issue.




Meaning of Words and Phrases Sources: Collins, Macmillan, Cambridge, Oxford

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