IELTS Speaking Part 2 Historical Building: Learn how to describe a historical building that you know. When talking about a particular historical building, bear in mind to mention the design of the building, the historical significance of that building to a country, the era when it’s built, and whether or not it’s considered as World Heritage.


In other words, use topic vocabulary words and make sure to add some collocations when describing. Below are the sample answers. Be confident and achieve your target band score or even get a band 9.0!









Describe a historical building you know 

You should say:

  • Where it is 
  • How does it look like
  • What it is used for
  • And how you felt about this building





A N S W E R 



Well to be honest with you, I’m not  a big fan of historical buildings most especially the ruins of World War I & II as I find them creepy. So I don’t have any confidence talking about those kinds of buildings, instead, I want to tell you one spectacular church building with historical significance that has stood the test of time. And that is the Sagrada Familia or The Church of the Holy Family in Barcelona, Spain.

To give you a little historical background of this building, it was constructed in the year 1883 to be exact, by Antoni Gaudi. This building is a very good example of Modernist architecture. Gaudi worked on it until his death in the year 1926 leaving this church unfinished even up to this day.




I’m a big fan [expression] – to like something or someone very much

Creepy [adj.] – to feel uneasy

Ruin [noun] – the physical destruction of war

Spectacular [adj.] – beautiful; eye-catching

Stand the test of time [phrase] – remain popular for a long time





i.) The speaker started his story by talking about his feelings to historical buildings. This way of introduction makes the examiner get to know the speaker personally – a bit. 


ii.) The speaker then provided his answer and gave his description to that historical building. He talked about the history of the building and this served as his background story. This is very important as the examiner would be able to understand the origin of the building.



These days, the construction is still on-going and there’s a report that said that this church would be completed in the year 2026, that would mark Gaudi’s 100th death anniversary.

Anyhow, when I paid a visit there once, I dropped my jaw with awe because of its sophisticated architectural design. The design is likened to Art Nouveau which is characterized by well-detailed linear designs and flowing curves. What amazed me of this building is the eighteen distinct spires representing the Twelve Apostles, the Virgin Mary, the four Evangelists, and the spire that is dedicated to Jesus Christ. 




On-going [adj.] – still in progress

Pay a visit [expression] – to visit

Drop (one’s) jaw with awe [expression] – to be surprised

Spire [noun] – pyramidal structure on the top of a building





i.) THIRD PARAGRAPH: The speaker talked about the current situation of that historical building. This idea surely made the examiner believe that the speaker was knowledgeable enough.


ii.) FOURTH PARAGRAPH: The speaker described the building in a more detailed way using advanced vocabulary words and topic vocabulary. This is very crucial since the examiner would be able to visualize what that historical building looked like.



Although, this building is not yet completed, this has been the most famous tourist spot and is considered the most important landmark in Spain. And as far as I know, the construction was slow even before because of its exquisite and intricate design and the lack of funds. People and some organizations donated some money to finance the construction. When the time comes that this church will be completed, I will not hesitate to visit there again. 





Landmark [noun] – sign; a building or a place that is recognized

Tourist spot [expression] – tourist attraction

Exquisite [adj.] – very beautiful

Intricate [adj.] – very detailed




i.) On this part, the speaker ended his story by talking about the significance of that building not only to the local people but also to foreign people. When you organize your answer, you’ll be able to end your story well, so make sure to create a structure when developing your story. 







Do you know any interesting historical buildings in your city?


Yes I do,  there are several fascinating historical buildings which we can see around our city and those are century-old churches. As my country was once a colony of Spain, we can never deny the fact that their influence is prevalent here in this country wherever we go even up to this day. 

The designs of churches are the same as what we can see in Spain or in other European countries. The Gothic architecture of those churches are just exquisite and some of them are declared as World Heritage by UNESCO. 





Several [determiner & pronoun] – more than two but not many

Fascinating [adj.] – interesting

Prevalent [adj.] – widespread

Gothic architecture – characterized by stone structures, large glass, sharply pointed spires, intricate sculptures, clustered columns, and flying buttresses

UNESCO – United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization



i.) The speaker simply gave a direct affirmative answer and explained what kinds of historical buildings his city had that were interesting. He then connected his answer to the history of his country and explained the influence of another country to his country. A very well-explained answer and at the same time the words used are advanced. 



Why do you think people like to visit historical buildings?



I see two reasons for that. First, it is because of curiosity, with the existence of social media these days, it is more than common for people to post photos of different kinds of places including historical ones  that make other people intrigued. To satisfy their curiosity, they want to see what others are seeing.


The second reason is, for educational purposes. Some people are eager to learn something new which they have not learnt in school. Visiting historical buildings give them an insight of culture, history, lifestyle, and tradition. These are what I believe the main reasons as to why people visit historical buildings.




Intrigue [verb] – arouse someone’s curiosity 

Insight [noun] – perception 



i.) The speaker was so certain of his answer saying ‘it’s because of two reasons’. Then he discussed each reason clearly. Use this kind of introduction when you are really sure that you can provide the exact number of reasons which you mentioned in the first place. Some students do this kind of introduction but cannot sustain explaining. That’s what you have to avoid!



Is it necessary to protect historical buildings?


In my opinion, it is just imperative to preserve them because they are very important in a country’s tourism industry. Historical buildings especially those proclaimed as World Heritage  are what tourists want to visit. Because of the influx of curious tourists visiting places with those buildings, money comes in, consequently, more job opportunities are generated and this surely impacts the economy of a country. 


So practically speaking, the lives of the local people get better and that is the main reason why we need to spend time saving historical buildings.  




Imperative [adj.] – vital; very important

Preserve [verb] – conserve; protect

Proclaim [verb] – declare publicly

Influx [noun] – arrival of many people or things; stream



i.) The speaker was very practical in answering the question. He talked about the financial benefit of historical buildings to the local community and the economy. In that case, he was able to answer the question spontaneously and clearly. To be able to have this kind of answer, you need to concentrate in understanding the question, so to the best of your effort, listen to the questions attentively. 


Just in case you want to use some TOPIC VOCABULARY about HISTORY, please check this link


Learn how to talk about the RECENT IELTS Speaking Part 1 about PUBLIC HOLIDAYS on this link

And that’s all about IELTS Speaking Part 2 Historical Building recent topic! It’s actually easy if you have the right vocabulary words to use in describing the historical building. So prepare! You surely can do it!


Meanings of Words and Phrases Sources: 1, 2


Do you have any questions or comments? Please leave them below.


Best of luck to your exam! Be Natural! Breathe Confidence!


Did you find this helpful? Help ieltsDragon continue. Even a dollar can be a huge help. Click the button below.

[wpedon id=”68″ align=”center”]